We receive and publish this letter that has reached our editorial office:
“Thanks to the recent conference on” Castellaro di Verezzi “, organized last Saturday by the Borgio Verezzi municipality as part of the” European Days of Archeology “, the need for an” Finale Archaeological Park “has returned strongly, capable of enhancing cultural heritage of European importance. which looks to the future and in which “Green Europe” hopes to involve students of “Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archeology” of the Faculty of Archeology of the University of Genoa “.
“The Caprazoppa headland, west of Savona, is of great prehistoric-environmental value (SIC Area – Site of Community Interest), and the meeting at the” Gassman Theater “gave everyone the opportunity to evaluate a project that would otherwise favor, even in the Finale area, cultural tourism, which is growing everywhere after the slowdown caused by the pandemic crisis. Archeology is the science of studying ancient civilizations and their relationship with the environment, collecting the necessary traces to understand its evolution. ”
The ‘Archaeological Parks’ will therefore increasingly become, in Italy and in the world, centers for attracting a legitimate curiosity to discover the origins of our civilization. The geographic area of the “Finale” allows you to visit places of interest: cultures that left no written sources, but only material data. context of environmental value ”.
“From the meeting at Castellaro di Verezzi, we got to know modern and sophisticated farm house detection systems and powerful defense systems built in Liguria in the Bronze and Iron Age for territorial control. The materials recovered from previous archaeological excavations have already made it possible to study ceramics (bowls and food storage containers) with the possibility of framing the origin of the structure between the 6th and 3rd centuries BC. ‘
Archaeobotanical studies have also shown the presence of plant types used for food production (spelled, hazelnuts, wild grapes, etc.) and for building house roofs. Specialized tourist guides will be able to frame the importance of other similar settlements built on top of hills overlooking the sea: the “Village of Souls” on the “Rocca di Perti” and the “castellaro” “Monte Trabocchetto” in Pietra Ligure.
“This last figure allows us to understand the need for a territorial organization capable of planning ‘guided tours’ along the vast network of trails in the Finale area. Cultural tourism is evolving everywhere and all municipalities can enter this sector of the economy with the dual goal of enjoying the unique landscape and nature, bringing citizens to the maturity of scientific knowledge and guaranteeing new sources of income for those who will work in the “Network” sector among all bodies and associations present in a vast territory and the possibility of drawing on European funds, as is the case with other “parks” present in Italy “.
“The commitment of the municipality of Finale Ligure is evident because on Caprazoppa there is another site of extraordinary archaeological importance: the” Caverna delle Arene Candide “(a sanctuary of European prehistory). This site is considered to be one of the largest Palaeolithic funerals complexes in the world as it revealed the presence of 20 burials from 12,500-11,500 years ago. Here, in May 1942, the discovery of the “Young Prince” (a person who lived 25,000 years ago, equipped with rich clothing), today it is housed in the “Archaeological Museum of Genoa Pegli”.
“The Legacy of Finale can boast of the presence of sites that have preserved human testimony from the Paleolithic to the Roman era, masterfully displayed and explained in the ‘Finale Archaeological Museum’, inside the monumental complex ‘Santa Caterina’ in Finalborgo; exhibition capable of understanding the long phase of human evolution from the Paleolithic to the Great Neolithic Revolution up to the “Metal Age” (testimony of “Castellari”) “.
“The Borgo Museum has many other finds of great importance, discovered at the Finale sites to be mentioned here: the” Cave of the Fairies “on the Manie plateau (one of the most representative places of the Lower Paleolithic), where” Homo Heidelbergensis “left a characteristic chipping stone (double-sided quartzite ), which testifies to its unquestionable presence already 350,000 years ago, and returned the remains of the Neanderthal man (about 35,000 years ago). ”
“Near the” Cave of the Fairies “is the” Arma delle Manie “, in which material finds from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic period have been found: toothed knives, tools carved in bones, remains of fauna associated with climate change (deer, roe deer, wild boar, ibex, marmot , bear, rhinoceros, wolf, wildcat, etc. “Mani’s weapon” is the largest in the Finale area, set into extremely beautiful landscapes. “(early stages of the Middle Neolithic – 5000 BC), rich in finds (special” square vases “)”.
“In Perti, at the junction of the petrified valleys of Montesordo and Pianmarino, there is a path that leads to the ‘Grotta Pollera’. Its great interest is due to the preservation inside of a large number of tombs relating to the ancient Neolithic and female terracotta figurines, as well as ceramic vases and chipped stone tools. From the Montesordo valley you can go up to the “Rocca di Perti”, where the “Village of Souls “(semi-detached house” Castellaro di Verezzi “) with old walls and remains of Iron Age houses.
‘Rock carvings’, situated on the ‘Ciappo delle Conche’ and ‘Ciappo dei Ceci’, between the plateau of San Bernardino and Monte Cucco. Graffiti, which were engraved on the “ciappi” dates back to very ancient times, and until recently, people used to represent symbolic figures and the realities of everyday life. Archaeological visits should always be combined with tours of natural interest, taking into account the environmental values of the context. “
“What has been described is only an extreme synthesis of what can be said to make understandable the vast cultural heritage of the Finale area. In conclusion, it must be said that the attempt to design an “Archaeological Park” was already included, years ago, in the urban plan for the recovery of former limestone quarries, but the project disappeared into the air. castellaro “Verezzi to develop convincing new proposals for the eco-sustainable re-launch of the Finale area for the purpose of cultural tourism.”
Gabriello Castellazzi – Green Europe – Verdi del Finalese